While the Alps have attracted generations of explorers and climbers since the eighteenth century, the Matterhorn attracted particular attention in 1865 with the first successful ascent of the mountain by Edward Whymper.
Here we take a look at a timeline of impressive achievements on the Matterhorn beginning with that famous first ascent…
14 July 1865
British mountaineer Edward Whymper is the first man on the summit of the Matterhorn. His ascent route, via the Hörnli ridge, is now one of the two normal routes to the top.
16 July 1865
Beaten to the summit by only two days, Jean-Antoine Carrel and Jean-Baptiste Bich make the first ascent from the Lion ridge on the Italian side, today’s second normal route to the summit.
Matterhorn’s last remaining ridge, the Furggen ridge between the East and South faces, is climbed by Mario Piacenza, Jean-Joseph Carrel and Giuseppe Gaspard.
1 August 1931
Three classic alpine north faces were still unclimbed in the early 1930s: the Eiger, the Matterhorn and the Grandes Jorasses. Almost surprisingly, the Matterhorn is the first to be conquered, by German climbers Franz and Toni Schmidt.
15 October 1931
This must have been a good year to climb the Matterhorn’s faces, as Enzo Benedetti, Luigi Carrel and Maurizio Bich complete the first ascent of the south face from Cervinia.
18 September 1932
Almost a year later, the same trio of Benedetti, Carrel and Bich, together with Luciano Carrel and Antonio Gaspard, are the first climbers to ascend the east face.