If you are planning a trek into the forest or the mountains, it’s vital to be properly prepared. Surviving in the wilderness is no picnic. It takes skill and intelligence, while it also helps to have the best possible equipment. Before you enter the wilderness and get back to nature, make sure that you are ready for the challenges that lie ahead and stock up on the tools that you will need.
One of the key things about wilderness survival is protecting yourself from the elements. Wind, rain and extremes of temperature can be fatal. The good news is that it’s relatively easy to protect yourself at all times.
If you are going to be dealing with different temperatures, layering your hiking clothing is essential. This is particularly important if you are planning to cover different altitudes, where many different climates can be experienced in a matter of hours.
There are three basic layers to remember. The base layer helps to remove sweat and moisture from the skin and retains warmth. This layer should be lightweight and dry quickly. Wool is an ideal material which won’t retain moisture for too long, and specialist hiking vests are available.
The second layer provides insulation. This should be a thicker set of garments such as a woollen fleece, although synthetic fibres can also be used. The idea is to allow moisture to escape from the skin and to trap warm air close to the body.
The final layer is the outer layer. Choose something light and flexible. This should keep the wind out and provide some protection against the rain as well.
Footwear is also crucial. Go for hiking boots that are strong, durable and as light as possible without compromising on strength. Any problems with your boots can make prolonged walking almost impossible. For warm weather trips, hiking sandals are a great alternative.
Wilderness survival also takes skill. Tracking skills are useful, so that you can have an idea when a wild animal is in the area. Fire making is another essential skill that could be life-saving. Try to build your fires in pits a few inches below ground level to minimise the effects of the wind and to prevent forest fires.
Stay comfortable in the wilderness as well by choosing lightweight, breathable clothing. Hikers will probably work up a sweat, so having breathable fabrics will help to remove excess moisture via evaporation. Choose high quality garments as well to ensure dryness and comfort at all times. A good selection can be found at outdoor experts like engelbert-strauss.co.uk.
With these tips, you should be able to enjoy your time in the wilderness as much as possible and stay safe at the same time.